Symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis Symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic Arthritis may typically develop after the onset of Psoriasis, although some people may develop joint pain before skin symptoms appear.1

Here are some signs you need to look out for:

Pain and stiffness in joints

Joints like fingers, toes, knees, ankles and lower back are affected by Psoriatic Arthritis. The pain, tenderness and stiffness of joints is caused due to inflammation. These joint symptoms may worsen, often leading to irreversible changes.1

When symptoms are severe, you may notice a reduced ability to move the affected joints.2

pain and stiffness in joints

Swollen finger and toes

Often the entire finger or toe is affected when there is inflammation in the joints or the point where the ligaments or tendons are attached to the bone. This causes swelling affecting the entire digit (finger or toe). The affected fingers or toes are also painful, tender and warm to touch. Often few fingers or toes are involved, but the pattern is not symmetric, i.e., different toes or fingers on different sides of the body can be affected.3

swollen fingers and toes

Other common symptoms

Fatigue is fairly common among those with early Psoriatic Arthritis. Other signs include morning stiffness, tiredness, nail changes (like pitting, discolouration, separation from the nail bed) and redness of the eyes.2

Other common symptoms

Early diagnosis is important to delay the irreversible damage that Psoriatic Arthritis can cause in joints as well as other body organs.2

A Dermatologist can diagnose PsA after understanding your medical history, conducting a physical examination for symptoms like joint pain, swelling, nail discolouration, redness of the eyes, etc.3,5

Certain laboratory and diagnostic tests like X-ray, ultrasound scan, etc. can also help confirm the diagnosis.3,6

Psoriatic Arthritis can develop gradually or it can develop quickly and turn severe. Studies have shown that early recognition of signs and symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis and prompt treatment initiation can prevent or limit the irreversible damage that this condition can cause.2 If you have Psoriasis or if you experience any of the above symptoms, it is important that you take the PEST test, which is a valuable screening tool to diagnose Psoriatic Arthritis early.4

You may want to read

Know the risk, take the test.
Talk to a Dermatologist about Psoriatic Arthritis.

References

  1. Healthline. 11 early signs of Psoriatic Arthritis. Available [Online] at: https://www.healthline.com/health/psoriatic-arthritis-early-signs .
  2. National Psoriasis Foundation. About Psoriatic Arthritis. Available [Online] at: https://www.psoriasis.org/about-psoriatic-arthritis/ Accessed on 19 May 2021.
  3. WebMD. Psoriatic Arthritis. Available [Online] at:https://www.webmd.com/arthritis/psoriatic-arthritis/psoriatic-arthritis-the-basics Accessed on 2 July 2020.
  4. Psoriasis Epidemiology Screening Tool (PEST). Available [online] at URL: http://www.bad.org.uk/shared/get-file.ashx?id=1655&itemtype=document. Accessed on March 18, 2020.
  5. Arthritis Foundation. Psoriatic Arthritis. Available [Online] at: https://www.arthritis.org/diseases/psoriatic-arthritis. Accessed on 2 July 2020.
  6. American College of Rheumatology. Patient Fact Sheet. Available [Online] at: https://www.rheumatology.org/Portals/0/Files/Psoriatic-Arthritis-Fact-Sheet.pdf. Accessed on 4th May 2020.